What is Buccastem?
Buccastem is an anti-sickness medicine that contains the active ingredient prochlorperazine. Prochlorperazine controls feelings of nausea and the vomiting reflex by blocking certain receptors found in the brain’s vomiting centre. Buccastem is a prescription-only medicine.
What is it used for?
Buccastem is used to treat nausea and vomiting associated with migraine. Migraine is a type of headache that involves severe pain, nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and is sometimes preceded by visual disturbances. Buccastem also provides relief from motion sickness and other forms of nausea.
How to use Buccastem
Buccastem tablets should not be chewed or swallowed like normal tablets. They should be placed along the top gum, under the upper lip on either side of your mouth. The tablet will soften and stick to your gum, taking between one and two hours to dissolve completely. Don’t move the tablet about the mouth with your tongue as this will cause it to dissolve more quickly. Take your tablet after meals, so that you don’t have to eat for the first two hours after taking it. For more information, see the package leaflet.
Unless otherwise prescribed by the doctor, the recommended dose is:
- Adults and children aged 12 and above: one or two tablets twice a day, placed under the upper lip.
This medicine is not suitable for use in children under the age of 12. Do not take this medicine for an extended period of time without consulting a doctor. Do not exceed the recommended dose and read the package leaflet closely before use.
Medicines can cause side effects, although some people may not experience any. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with Buccastem:
- Sleepiness, drowsiness;
- Dry mouth;
- Skin rash.
Consult a doctor if the side effects are severe. For a complete list of possible side effects, see the package leaflet.
When not to use Buccastem
Buccastem tablets are not suitable for everyone and should not be used if:
- You are allergic to prochlorperazine or any other ingredient in this medicine;
- You have a liver or blood disease;
- You have glaucoma, epilepsy or Parkinson’s disease;
- You have an enlarged prostate gland.
Buccastem should be used with caution and not without medical supervision in elderly people, people with an increased risk of blood clots in blood vessels (e.g. due to smoking, diabetes, medicine use, or a personal or family history).
Make sure to tell the doctor what other medicines you are taking. Buccastem interacts with other medicines, including some blood pressure reducers and tranquillisers. The doctor will have a list of medicines that you should avoid mixing it with.
Buccastem should not be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women without consulting a doctor first.
This medicine may cause sleepiness, dizziness or nervousness. Avoid driving, using machines or doing anything else that could be dangerous if you are less alert.
Avoid alcohol while taking Buccastem. Alcohol can trigger or worsen side effects such as dizziness and sleepiness.