Hypercholesterolaemia or hyperlipidaemia are the medical names for an increased level of cholesterol and other fatty substances as triglycerides in blood.
When your total cholesterol level exceeds 5 mmol/l you need to take action.
With a high cholesterol level you have up to 40% more chance you get a cardiovascular disease: a heart disease (infarct) and/or a blood-vessel disease. People with hypertension
(high blood pressure), diabetes, an existing heart disease, hereditary hypercholesterolaemia and cigarette smokers run a special risk.
Before you start with medicines you have to try if a diet low in (animal) fat and with lots of vegetables, fruit and fish, a lower alcohol consumption and physical exercise, thereby reducing your weight, gets your cholesterol level below the critical 5 mmol/l limit.
If you smoke, stopping this deadly habit will also reduce significantly your cholesterol level while in the same time your physical health will be improved very much.
If changing your diet and way of life does not help enough medicines are needed.
Be sure a medical doctor has examined you and diagnosed as hypercholesterolaemia or hyperlipidaemia for which treatment with drugs is needed. There is a good chance that you need to use medication for the rest of your life. Monitoring your cholesterol level should be part of this and is also important for the dosage you need of a certain product.
The statins are inhibitors of an enzyme (HMG-CoA reductase) which is needed for the cholesterol synthesis. By inhibiting this enzyme less cholesterol is made, especially of the most harmful LDL- (Low Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol fraction. At the same time the statins also reduce triglycerides somewhat and increase the HDL-(High Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol fraction, the so called good cholesterol. The statins are generally considered to be the most effective cholesterol-lowering drugs.
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