Cystitis

Cystitis

A bladder infection is an infection of the inside wall of the bladder. In some cases, the urinary tract, the passageway through which urine is excreted, is also infected. Most bladder infections are caused by E.coli bacteria. Around 20% of women suffer from a bladder infection at least once a year. Women are more susceptible to bladder infections than men because their urethra is shorter.

Bladder infections typically occur when bacteria in the urine begin to multiply and can, among other things, be caused by poor hygiene (due to bacteria from fecal matter at the anal opening being transferred to the opening of the urethra). The main reasons for bladder infections recurring are low fluid intake, infrequent or insufficient voiding, and sexual activity.

Possible symptoms of a bladder infection include:
- frequent sensation of having to urinate
- frequent urination urge but small urine passes
- pain or burning when urinating (above the pubis and/or in lower back)
- pressure or pain in lower abdomen and/or sides
- cloudy or bloody urine (in approx. 30% of people)

If you have a bladder infection, drinking lots of fluids and urinating frequently will speed healing. Make sure you empty your bladder completely when urinating. Cranberry juice can also help to prevent the infection. In general, bladder infections can be treated effectively. However, be sure to visit your doctor to confirm you have a bladder infection.

If you have a bladder infection, drinking lots of fluids and urinating frequently will speed healing. Make sure you empty your bladder completely when urinating. Cranberry juice can also help to prevent the infection. In general, bladder infections can be treated effectively. However, be sure to visit your doctor to confirm you have a bladder infection.

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