What is Fluconazole?
Fluconazole is an antifungal medicine. The active ingredient, fluconazole, kills the fungi or yeasts that are causing the infection by weakening their cell wall. Fluconazole is a prescription-only medicine.
What is Fluconazole used for?
Fluconazole is used to treat a number of different types of internal and external fungal and yeast infections, including vaginal thrush (Candida albicans infection), fungal infections of the linings of the mouth (oral thrush), throat, food pipe, intestines and other internal fungal or yeast infections . Vaginal thrush is characterised by an increase of white discharge from the vagina, often accompanied by vaginal itching and/or irritation, itching or burning in the labia area. Fluconazole is a fast-acting medicine that is absorbed into the bloodstream, curing the infection from the inside out. In most cases, the symptoms will improve within two days of taking it.
How to use Fluconazole
Fluconazole capsules should be taken whole with plenty of fluid. You can also break the capsules and disperse them in a spoonful of applesauce or pudding, for example if you have difficulty swallowing. Fluconazole can be taken either with or without food. It is, however, important to take the capsules at the same time each day. If you have been prescribed a course, make sure to complete it without stopping in between. If your symptoms have not improved within seven days, consult a doctor.
Unless otherwise prescribed by your doctor, the usual dose for a vaginal fungal infection is:
- Women aged 18 and older: one 150-mg capsule.
Other infections may require a different dose. Read the package leaflet before use.
Like all medicines, Fluconazole may cause side effects. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine:
- Gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, stomach ache, diarrhoea);
- Skin rash due to allergic reaction (possibly with red patches or skin redness).
For a complete list of side effects, see the package leaflet. Consult a doctor if the side effects are severe or persistent.
When not to use Fluconazole
Fluconazole is not suitable for everyone. Do not use this antifungal medicine if:
- You are allergic to fluconazole or to other azole antifungal medicines (e.g. miconazole or itraconazole);
- You are allergic to any of the ingredients in Fluconazole capsules;
- You are pregnant;
- You are currently taking terfenadine or cisapride.
Consult a doctor on the use of Fluconazole if you have health problems. Be sure to inform the doctor of any medicines you are taking. Fluconazole interacts with other medicines, including some soporifics, anti-epileptic drugs and calcium blockers. The doctor will have a list of medicines that you should avoid mixing it with.
Fluconazole is not suitable for use during pregnancy. Consult a doctor before using this medicine if you are breastfeeding.
In principle, Fluconazole does not affect your reaction time. It may, in rare cases, cause dizziness. Stay out of traffic if you experience this side effect.
Fluconazole does not interact with alcohol or food.