What is Indometacin?
Indometacin is a strong, anti-inflammatory painkiller (NSAID) that contains the active ingredient indometacin. Indomethacin works by slowing down the body’s production of prostaglandins, a substance which increases the size of the pain signal to the brain, and therefore relieves pain quickly. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, it is also used to reduce the symptoms of inflammation, such as swelling, redness of the skin and fever.
What is it used for?
Indometacin is prescribed when milder painkillers, such as paracetamol, are not effective or effective enough. It can be used to treat inflammatory and non-inflammatory conditions in which pain is the primary symptom, such as muscle and (rheumatic) joint problems (e.g. bursitis, Bechterew’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lumbago), menstrual pain, post-operative pain, pain from injuries, the flu or pain from other sources.
How to use Indometacin
Indometacin is available in capsule form for oral administration. The capsules should be swallowed whole with some liquid, preferably with or directly after meals to avoid stomach distress. Long-term use may be necessary in some conditions. If you have a sensitive stomach and need to take Indomethacin for a longer period, your doctor can give you a stomach coater.
Indometacin is available in packs containing 28 capsules of 50 mg. Unless otherwise prescribed by the doctor, the usual dose for adults and children aged 16 and above is:
One to maximally four capsules a day, depending on the nature of the symptoms and severity of the pain.
The duration of the treatment is decided by your doctor. Before you start using Indometacin, be sure to read the package leaflet. It is important not to exceed the prescribed dose.
Indometacin may have side effects, although not everyone gets them. The most commonly noted side effects include:
- Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as stomach ache, diarrhea or constipation, loss of appetite and flatulence. Be sure to take the capsules with meals or directly after to avoid most of these symptoms.
- Headache, light-headedness: these symptoms generally disappear within a few days.
- Dizziness or drowsiness.
See package leaflet for more side effects, warnings and contraindications.
Do not use Indomethacin if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, unless otherwise instructed by the doctor.
Indometacin may cause dizziness or drowsiness and can therefore interfere with your ability to react. Please be aware of this and stay out of traffic if you experience these side effects.
Indometacin can cause stomach problems. Drinking alcohol will make this worse. It is therefore advisable to reduce or stop alcohol consumption while taking this medicine.