What is Nitrofurantoin (Macrobid)?
Nitrofurantoin is prescribed with a bladder infection or urinary tract infection. It is an antibiotic, and kills the bacteria that cause the infection. Nitrofurantoin enters the urine via the kidneys in large concentrations. This makes it a very effective medication to fight bladder infections or urinary tract infections. In addition, Nitrofurantoin is used with chronic urinary tract infections to prevent symptoms from coming back.
The Nitrofurantoin drug (Macrobid) inhibits the enzymes that are responsible for the growth and maintenance of the bacteria. This causes the bacteria to die and thus the infection is combated.
Always follow the instructions of your doctor if you are taking Nitrofurantoin. Your doctor will determine which dose is right for you. Take the medication with some milk, yogurt or food. The treatment usually lasts 3 to 10 days, depending on the severity of the infection. Always finish the treatment entirely to ensure that all bacteria are killed.
Nitrofurantoin dosage: 50mg and 100mg (28 tablets per pack).
Side effects Nitrofurantoin
Like with all medications, Nitrofurantoin may cause side effects. Possible side effects include upset stomach, vomiting and mild diarrhea. The urine may become dark yellow or have a brown color, but this is not usual. When you stop the treatment, the color of the urine will turn back to normal. If you experience difficulty breathing or chest pain, immediately stop the use of Nitrofurantoin and contact your doctor.
In the Nitrofurantoin leaflet you will find a full overview of side effects.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
You may use Nitrofurantoin (Macrobid) during pregnancy or when breastfeeding. However, do not use the medication right before you go into labor. A baby is not able to break down the active ingredient well enough yet. A possible result is anemia. If you are unsure, please contact your doctor.
Nitrofurantoin and alcohol
There are no restrictions regarding the use of the drug in combination with alcohol.
Ask your doctor about the use of Nitrofurantoin and birth control pills. A doctor can tell you if the pill you are taking is still safe when you use Nitrofurantoin.