What is Premarin?
Premarin tablets contain conjugated oestrogens. These are a naturally occurring form of the main female sex hormone oestrogen. The female body produces less and less oestrogens as women age. These declining levels can cause distressing symptoms, especially in the period around menopause. Premarin tablets replace the oestrogen that the body is no longer producing, which in turn helps reduce menopausal symptoms. This is known as hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
What is it used for?
Premarin relieves menopausal symptoms caused by declining hormone levels in the blood, including:
- Hot flushes;
- Night sweats;
- Irregular and/or heavy periods;
- Sleep disturbances;
- Dryness of mucous membranes (eyes, vagina);
- Mood swings.
In some cases, Premarin is also prescribed to prevent osteoporosis after menopause.
How to use Premarin
As Premarin tablets only contain oestrogen, they are most suitable for women who have had a hysterectomy. Women who have not had a hysterectomy should also be given an additional hormone medicine to protect the womb lining.
Premarin tablets should be taken daily, preferably at the same time each day. Premarin does not have a tablet-free week. The tablets should be swallowed whole with some liquid, and can be taken with or without food. If you have forgotten to take a dose of Premarin, you may take it as soon as you remember unless it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. For more information, see the package leaflet.
Unless otherwise prescribed by a doctor, the usual dose is:
- one tablet once a day.
Be sure to read the package leaflet before you start using this medicine.
Premarin may cause side effects. The most commonly reported side effects include:
- Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, stomach ache and bloating;
- Breast tenderness or soreness;
- Breakthrough bleeding (spotting);
See the package leaflet for more side effects, warnings and contraindications.
Premarin is usually not given to women in the fertile age bracket. Women who don’t fall within this group should not use this medicine if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Premarin does not affect your reaction time or impair your ability to drive safely.
There are no known interactions between alcohol or specific foods and Premarin.