What is Salbutamol?
Salbutamol (active ingredient: salbutamol) is a bronchodilator. It causes the muscles in the airways to relax and allows the airways to open, relieving symptoms such as chest tightness, shortness of breath and wheezing. Salbutamol is most commonly taken using an inhaler device or nebuliser. Inhaling the medicine allows it to act directly in the lungs where it is needed most.
What is Salbutamol used for?
Salbutamol is used to treat or prevent breathing problems such as chest tightness, wheezing and shortness of breath. These symptoms can be caused by:
- Asthma, a condition in which the airways narrow in response to triggers such as cold air, smoke, exercise or animal fur;
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a chronic condition with symptoms such as coughing, usually caused by lung damage.
How to use Salbutamol
Salbutamol is available as inhaler and nebuliser solution (steri-neb). The doctor will recommend the right variant for you depending on your symptoms. The easy-to-use inhaler delivers the medicine as a fine spray or mist. All you have to do is coordinate pressing down the canister and breathing in the spray.
The steri-neb solution is available as single dose ampoules and is used in combination with a nebuliser (a machine that converts the liquid medicine inside the nebules into particles that can be inhaled). Consult the package leaflet for instructions on how to use the inhaler and steri-neb solution.
You can use Salbutamol in two ways:
- To treat acute breathing problems, follow the instructions given by your doctor regarding how many inhalations you can use each day;
- To prevent breathing problems, use approx. 10 minutes before exercising or exposure to allergens.
Salbutamol inhalers or steri-neb solution may have side effects, although not everyone gets them. Possible side effects include:
- Heart palpitations;
- Shaking of the hands (tremor);
- Hyperactivity (in children).
For a complete list of possible side effects, see the package leaflet.
When not to use Salbutamol
Salbutamol inhalers and steri-neb solution are not suitable for everyone and should not be used if:
- You are allergic to salbutamol or any other ingredient in this medicine;
Consult a doctor on the use of Salbutamol if you have a health-related condition such as:
- Severe asthma;
- Heart disease;
- Overactive thyroid gland.
Salbutamol may interact with other medicines such as beta blockers and diuretics. Therefore, it is important to tell the doctor what medicines you are currently taking. For more information about possible contraindications and interactions, see the package leaflet.
Salbutamol inhalers and nebuliser solution should not be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women without consulting a doctor first.
This medicine does not interact with alcohol or affect your ability to drive safely.