What is Zomig?
Zomig tablets contain the active ingredient zolmitriptan, a type of medicine specifically used to relieve migraine attacks. It is thought that widening of blood vessels in the brain causes the throbbing pain of migraine headaches. Zomig tablets reduce or eliminate this pain by causing the blood vessels in the brain to narrow. Zomig is a prescription-only medicine.
What is Zomig used for?
Zomig is a type of medicine commonly known as a triptan. It is a painkiller specifically used to relieve migraine attacks. Migraine is a type of headache that involves severe, often pounding pain, usually to one side of the head. In addition to severe headache, migraines are often also accompanied by nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound. The onset of a migraine may be preceded by an aura: visual disturbances such as zigzag patterns, flashing lights, stars or distorted colours. Migraine episodes can last a few hours up to several days.
How to use Zomig
Zomig is available as tablets and orodispersible tablets. The tables should be swallowed without chewing with some liquid. The orodispersible tablets are designed to dissolve on the tongue without the need for a drink of water. The dose of Zomig should be taken as early as possible after the migraine headache has started, though it is also effective if taken at a later stage during the migraine attack. Zomig usually provides significant relief within 15 to 30 minutes. If the migraine symptoms return after one dose, a second dose can be effective. If you need a second dose, you should not take it within two hours of the first dose.
Zomig is available in two strengths: 2.5 mg and 5 mg. A doctor should determine what strength you should use. Unless otherwise advised by the doctor, the recommended dose is:
- Adults between the ages of 18 and 65 years: one 2.5-mg or 5-mg tablet at a time. Do not take more than two tablets in any 24-hour period.
Zomig tablets are not recommended in people under 18 and over 65 years of age. Read the package leaflet before use.
Like all medicines, Zomig may cause side effects. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine:
- Sleepiness, tiredness;
- Tingling sensation, numbness;
- Pain, muscle ache;
- Sensation of tightness or pressure in any part of the body, including the chest and throat. If feelings of tightness or pressure continue or are particularly severe (especially chest pain), you should tell your doctor immediately.
For a complete list of possible side effects, see the package leaflet.
When not to use Zomig
Zomig is not suitable for everyone and should not be used if:
- You are allergic to zolmitriptan;
- You have high blood pressure;
- You have or have a history of heart problems, brain haemorrhage or cardiovascular disease;
- You have kidney problems;
- You are currently taking MAO inhibitors, second-generation antidepressants (SSRIs) or other migraine medicines.
Consult a doctor on the use of Zomig if you have a health condition that is not listed above, are currently taking medication, smoke cigarettes or are older than 40 years of age.
This medicine should not be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women without consulting a doctor first.
Zomig may cause dizziness or sleepiness. Stay out of traffic if you experience these side effects.
Avoid alcohol while taking Zomig. Alcohol can make side effects worse and set off a new migraine episode.