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What is Herpes?

Herpes is an infectious disease that can be caused by infection with the Herpes Simplex Virus. When hearing herpes, many people think of the soap herpes. However, this is just one of the manifestations of the herpes virus. There are more. They are caused by various variants of this virus. We put some known herpes infections for you in a row.

Different types of herpes infections

Herpes genitalis, either genital herpes. Herpes genitalis is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2);
Herpes labialis, either a cold sore. Herpes labialis is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1);
Evening. One of the possible causes of mouth mouths is the herpes simplex virus type 1. Only in this case are nights contagious.
Shrimp and chicken pox. Both conditions are caused by varicella-zoster virus, either the human herpes virus type 3 (HHV-3). The first infection with this type of herpes usually occurs in childhood (chickenpox). At the later age, the virus may be reactivated under certain conditions, causing shingles.

How does a herpes infection develop?

All forms of herpes are contagious. The transfer usually takes place through intimate physical contact (such as kissing and intercourse) with someone who is wearing the herpes virus. However, the spread can also take place via an infected object. The virus penetrates the body through the mucous membranes, the genitals, the anus or the skin and spreads to the lymph nodes near the site of infection. In some cases, the herpes infection extends through the bloodstream to other parts of the body.

How do you recognize a herpes infection?

The first time someone gets infected with herpes, there are no complaints in the majority of cases. After this so-called ‘primary infection’, the virus retreats into nerve nodes near the contaminated site on the body. Here it remains in a dormant state for life. From time to time, the virus becomes active again causing a herpes outbreak. For example, a herpes attack may occur when the resistance is reduced by fatigue, illness or stress.

Symptoms of herpes infection

You can recognize a herpes outbreak, among other things, to the following symptoms:

Just before a herpes outbreak, a painful, itchy and/or tingling sensation occurs in the infected place on the body;
Then there are small red spots in this place;
The red spots change into sore vesicles that are filled with a clear moisture;
Over time, the vesicles will open. Now herpes is the most contagious;
After this, the vesicles dry into crusts and heal the skin completely.
How is herpes treated?
There is currently no permanent cure for herpes. Fortunately, there are several ways to treat the complaints of a herpes infection and reduce the frequency and duration of herpes outbreaks.


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