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What is Femoston?
Femoston is a hormone replacement therapy (HRT), also called hormone therapy (HT), preparation for women. It contains two active ingredients: estradiol and dydrogesterone. These are forms of the main female sex hormones oestrogen and progestogen. Femoston is used to relieve menopausal symptoms and is a prescription-only medicine.
What is Femoston used for?
Women's ovaries gradually produce less and less oestrogen in the period up to and after menopause. The declining levels of oestrogen can cause distressing physical and psychological symptoms, including:
- Hot flashes;
- Night sweats;
- Dryness of mucous membranes (eyes, vagina and/or mouth);
- Irritability, depression or anxiety;
- Loss of libido (sex drive);
- Pain during sex;
- Osteoporosis (decrease in bone mass and density).
Femoston replaces the falling levels in the body and so helps to reduce menopausal symptoms. This medicine is used to treat women who have not had a hysterectomy because it contains a progestogen hormone, dydrogesterone, which protects the lining of the uterus from side effects.
How to use Femoston
Each Femoston blister pack contains 14 white and 14 grey tablets. The first two weeks of your cycle, you take the white tablets. These tablets contain only estradiol. Then you continue with the grey tablets which contain estradiol and dydrogesterone. The tablets should be taken at the same time each day with some water. You will have a withdrawal bleed that is similar to your usual period towards the end of the blister pack. You start the next pack right after you take the last tablet, even if you are still bleeding.
Unless otherwise instructed by your doctor, the usual dose in adult women is:
- one tablet once daily.
Read the package leaflet before use.
HRT may cause side effects, although some people may not experience any. The side effects that are known to be associated with Femoston include:
- Gastrointestinal symptoms;
- Breakthrough bleeding (spotting);
- Vaginal discharge;
- Breast tenderness or soreness;
- Mood swings.
Most side effects are temporary and will disappear within a few weeks. Consult a doctor if the side effects are persistent. It is important to be aware that all women using HRT have a slightly increased risk of serious side effects such as cancer and thrombosis compared with women who don't use HRT. See the package leaflet for further information.
When not to use Femoston
Femoston is not suitable for everyone and should not be used if:
- You are allergic to estradiol, dydrogesterone or any other ingredient in this medicine;
- You have a known or past history of thrombosis, liver disease, breast cancer or other oestrogen-related cancer;
- You have vaginal bleeding of unknown cause or an overgrowth of the lining of the womb (endometrial hyperplasia);
- You have a severe blood disease or kidney disorder.
Consult a doctor on the use of Femoston if you have health problems that are not listed above or are currently on medication.
Femoston is usually given to women who are no longer in the fertile age bracket. The following advice applies to women who don't fall within this group:
- Do not use Femoston if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, unless otherwise advised by your doctor. Femoston does not provide contraception. If necessary, you should use a contraceptive of some kind to avoid getting pregnant.
This medicine does not interact with alcohol or affect your ability to drive safely.