What is Loxazol?
Loxazol is used to treat head lice. It can also be used for pubic lice (scabs) and scabies. Infection with head lice is a very common problem, especially among school-going children. Head lice live on blood from the host, which they get by biting through the scalp. Bites from head lice can cause intense itching and irritation on the scalp. Lice are about the size of a pin head and greyish-white to brown in colour. Female lice lay eggs (nits) that are firmly attached to hair shaft and are therefore very difficult to remove. Loxazol lotion (cream rinse) poisons lice and nits. One bottle is usually sufficient to treat one person with shoulder length hair of average thickness. Loxazol is also available as a cream for treating pubic lice and scabies.
How does Loxazol work?
Loxazol lotion and cream contain the active ingredient permethrin. Permethrin affects the nervous system of the head lice, which causes the lice and nits to die. To prevent reinfestation, Loxazol should be combined with the wet combing treatment (combing the hair with a head lice comb) to make sure any parasites surviving the treatment or emerging from surviving eggs are removed.
How to use Loxazol
Loxazol lotion should be used in the following way:
- Thoroughly clean the hair with shampoo and rinse it well.
- Apply the lotion to towel-dried hair and rub into the hair, scalp, the skin around the back of the neck and behind the ears. Avoid contact with the eyes, nose and mouth. Use protective gloves if necessary.
- Leave the lotion to work for 10 minutes.
- Rinse with water. You may clean the hair with shampoo if desired.
- Towel dry the hair and comb with a lice comb.
It is important to comb the hair every day after treating it with Loxazol. If necessary, you can use ordinary conditioner to make combing easier. Repeat treatment with Loxazol after one week and keep combing the hair every evening for one week after that. It is important to comb the hair out daily with the lice comb for at least two weeks to prevent any remaining nits from hatching and starting a new cycle for lice. Read the package leaflet before using Loxazol.
Loxazol lotion may cause the following side effects:
- Burning or tingling sensation on the scalp;
- Skin redness.
These side effects usually go away with time. Consult a doctor if the side effects are persistent.
When not to use Loxazol
Do not use if you are allergic to any of the ingredients in Loxazol products (see the package leaflet). Loxazol should not be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women. It is recommended that pregnant women use either wet combing or a lotion which is licensed for use during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Consult your doctor for more information. Loxazol is not suitable for use in children younger than six months.