What is Naproxen sodium?
Naproxen sodium is an anti-inflammatory painkiller (NSAID) that contains the active ingredient naproxen. Naproxen sodium reduces inflammatory responses such as swelling and redness of the skin, fever and pain. It blocks the transmission of pain signals, inhibiting them from reaching the brain. Naproxen sodium is a fast-acting painkiller: it takes less than half an hour to become effective and generally provides eight hours of relief. Naproxen sodium is available without prescription.
What is Naproxen sodium used for?
NSAIDs such as Naproxen sodium are mainly used to relieve pain caused by inflammation, such as:
- Rheumatic disorders (arthritis, arthrosis, Bechterew's disease, gout);
- The flu and cold (sinus infection, ear infection, laryngitis).
Naproxen sodium is also used for migraine, menstrual pain and to manage pain from other causes.
How to use Naproxen sodium
Naproxen sodium is available as tablets, prolonged release tablets and suppositories. The tablets should be swallowed whole, without chewing, with plenty of liquid. This medicine is most effective when taken on an empty stomach. If you have a sensitive stomach, it is best to take the tablets with meals to avoid stomach distress. The suppositories are for anal use. See the package leaflet for instructions on how to insert the suppositories.
Naproxen sodium is available in various strengths. The general recommended dose is:
- Adults and children aged 12 and above: 250 to 500 mg, if necessary followed by 250 mg after eight to twelve hours.
The above dosage regimen does not apply to children under the age of 12 and elderly people. See the package leaflet or consult a doctor for more information. Always follow the prescription exactly – never take more or less than the doctor recommends.
Naproxen sodium can cause side effects, including:
- Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as heartburn, stomach ache, nausea and constipation;
- Dizziness, sleepiness;
- Ringing in the ears;
- Skin irritation and/or itching.
Anti-inflammatory painkillers such as Naproxen sodium are associated with a small increase in the risk of experiencing a heart attack or stroke. Consult a doctor if the side effects are severe or bothersome. See the package leaflet for a complete list of possible side effects.
When not to use Naproxen sodium
Naproxen sodium is not a suitable for everyone and should not be used if:
- you are hypersensitive to Naproxen sodium or other NSAIDs;
- you have a history of internal bleeding (brain haemorrhage, gastric haemorrhage), active bleeding from the stomach, or suffer from a liver or kidney disease;
- you have asthma or if this medicine has triggered an asthma attack before;
- you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Naproxen sodium interacts with other medicines, including certain anticoagulants and water pills. See the package leaflet for more information about contraindications and warnings.
Do not use Naproxen sodium if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, unless otherwise instructed by your doctor. Naproxen sodium may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Stay out of traffic if you experience these side effects. It is advisable to reduce or stop alcohol consumption while taking Naproxen sodium. Alcohol may irritate the stomach and cause or intensify side effects such as dizziness and drowsiness.