What is Nurofen?
Nurofen contains ibuprofen, which is an anti-inflammatory painkiller (NSAID). This medicine slows down the production of prostaglandins, a hormone-like substance which acts as a mediator of pain, fever and inflammatory responses such as swelling and skin redness. Nurofen is available in various forms, each of which is very effective at relieving a variety of pain symptoms.
What is Nurofen used for?
Nurofen is used for mild to moderate pain, inflammation and fever. This painkiller can be used for:
- Headache or migraine;
- Muscle and/or joint pain;
- Pain after vaccination;
- Menstrual pain;
- Toothache or pain from dental procedures;
- Pain and fever from the flu or cold;
How to use Nurofen
Nurofen is available without a prescription in various forms, including:
- Tablets (200 mg and 400 mg). The tablets should not be chewed but swallowed whole with some liquid;
- Effervescent granules (orange flavoured, 400 mg). The contents of the sachet should be dissolved in half a glass of water and drunk immediately;
- Meltlets (lemon flavoured, 200 mg). Meltlets are designed to dissolve quickly on the tongue before being swallowed;
- Zavance Lea capsules with liquid filling (400 mg). The capsules should be swallowed whole with plenty of liquid;
- Nurofen for Children (100 mg per 5 ml), a sugar-free suspension with easy dosing syringe.
Unless otherwise prescribed by a doctor, the usual dose is:
- Adults and children aged 12 and above: 200 to 400 mg at a time, if necessary at six to eight-hour intervals. Do not exceed the maximum daily dose of 1200 mg. Read the package leaflet before use.
- Children aged three months to 12 years: 2.5 ml to 15 ml suspension at a time (dose is based on body weight and specified in the enclosed information leaflet).
Nurofen generally has few side effects, but in rare cases it has been known to cause:
- Gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn, nausea and stomach ache. Taking Nurofen during or after meals can help to prevent these side effects.
See the package leaflet for more information on possible side effects.
When not to use Nurofen
Do not use Nurofen if:
- you are hypersensitive to ibuprofen or any other ingredient in this medicine;
- you are more than six months pregnant;
- you have a serious liver, kidney or heart disease;
- previous use of an NSAID triggered an asthma attack or other allergic reaction such as respiratory distress, runny nose or red bumps (hives);
- you have or have had bleeding or ulceration in the stomach or intestines.
Nurofen may interact with other medicines. See the package leaflet for a list of medicines that should not be used in combination with Nurofen and for more information on interactions and contraindications.
Nurofen should not be used without consulting a doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. You should in any case avoid taking Nurofen during the last three months of pregnancy, unless your doctor instructs you otherwise. In principle, this medicine does not affect your ability to drive. In rare cases it may cause dizziness. Stay out of traffic if you experience this side effect. There are no dietary restrictions with Nurofen.