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Dioralyte

Dioralyte is a fast effective rehydration treatment that replaces lost body fluid and salts, especially when this happens as a result of diarrhoea. Dioralyte comes in a sachet and in a variety of different flavours – Diarolyte blackcurrant, Diarolyte citrus and Diarolyte original. Your body needs the correct balance of body salts and fluid to carry out essential functions and maintain your health. Dioralyte helps you to: Replace essential body salt; Restore and maintain lost fluids. Dioralyte will rehydrate you quicker than water alone. The active ingredients in Dioralyte are glucose, sodium chloride, potassium chloride and disodium hydrogen citrate, saccharin sodium and silicone dioxide. Dioralyte comes in a box with individual sachets, you can buy a six-pack or a larger family pack containing 20 sachets, which can be useful as sickness and diarrhoea can spread easily. The Diarolyte sachets are mixed with water to make a drink. Dehydration can occur in the human body easily as the body is made up of 75% water, which requires regular replenishing as you go about your daily activities, particularly if you are in a warm climate or taking part in strenuous physical activity as you sweat and therefore lose even more fluid. Dehydration can also be caused by an illness, like vomiting and diarrhoea. In most cases, diarrhoea and vomiting aren’t serious, especially if you manage to stay hydrated, but the very young and old are more susceptible to dehydration and this puts them at higher risk of complications. Bugs spread easily and diarrhoea and vomiting are common. If left untreated dehydration can cause seizures, kidney problems, heatstroke and low blood volume so it must be monitored. One of the best ways to identify dehydration is the colour of your urine, if it is dark or smelly then you may be dehydrated. Urine should be a light straw colour as a rule.

What is Diarolyte?

Dioralyte is a fast effective rehydration treatment that replaces lost body fluid and salts, especially when this happens as a result of diarrhoea. Dioralyte comes in a sachet and in a variety of different flavours – Diarolyte blackcurrant, Diarolyte citrus and Diarolyte original. Your body needs the correct balance of body salts and fluid to carry out essential functions and maintain your health. Dioralyte helps you to:

  • Replace essential body salt;
  • Restore and maintain lost fluids.

Dioralyte will rehydrate you quicker than water alone. The active ingredients in Dioralyte are glucose, sodium chloride, potassium chloride and disodium hydrogen citrate, saccharin sodium and silicone dioxide. Dioralyte comes in a box with individual sachets, you can buy a six-pack or a larger family pack containing 20 sachets, which can be useful as sickness and diarrhoea can spread easily. The Diarolyte sachets are mixed with water to make a drink.

What is Diarolyte used for?

Dehydration can occur in the human body easily as the body is made up of 75% water, which requires regular replenishing as you go about your daily activities, particularly if you are in a warm climate or taking part in strenuous physical activity as you sweat and therefore lose even more fluid.

Dehydration can also be caused by an illness, like vomiting and diarrhoea. In most cases, diarrhoea and vomiting aren’t serious, especially if you manage to stay hydrated, but the very young and old are more susceptible to dehydration and this puts them at higher risk of complications. Bugs spread easily and diarrhoea and vomiting are common. If left untreated dehydration can cause seizures, kidney problems, heatstroke and low blood volume so it must be monitored. One of the best ways to identify dehydration is the colour of your urine, if it is dark or smelly then you may be dehydrated. Urine should be a light straw colour as a rule.

How to use Dioralyte to treat diarrhoea and dehydration

With any medication, if you are unsure about how to use it or you are using it for the first time check with your doctor or pharmacist for instructions and always follow their directions. Dioralyte comes in a sachet, the sachet should be mixed with water before taking it.

Dos and don’ts when taking Dioralyte sachets:

  • Do not prepare this medicine in advance, make it just before you are going to take it. If you are giving Dioralyte to a baby throughout the course of the day, then you can keep it in the fridge for up to 24 hours;
  • Do not use Dioralyte after the expiry date printed on the sachet;
  • Only dissolve the powder from the sachet in water, do not dissolve in any other liquid;
  • For adults and children over the age of one, dissolve the powder in fresh drinking water. If this is not available use freshly boiled and cooled water, if there is no other option then you can use bottled water;
  • For babies under 12 months always use freshly boiled and cooled water.

To prepare the medicine:

  • Pour the entire sachet of powder into an empty glass;
  • Add 200ml of water (no more and no less as this is the perfect balance to rehydrate you effectively and the medicine will not work as well with other quantities as you may upset the balance of salts in your body);
  • Stir until the powder has dissolved;
  • The liquid should be clear and colourless;
  • Drink immediately.

What is the correct dosage for Dioralyte?

As with all medicines, follow the instructions of your doctor or pharmacist for taking the right dose at the right time. Dioralyte comes in a measured sachet, each sachet should be dissolved in 200ml water, when you have diarrhoea, take the following dose:

  • For adults, drink one or two sachets (individually dissolved) after each bowel movement;
  • For children, drink one sachet after every bowel movement
  • If you are taking Dioralyte for rehydration when you do not have diarrhoea, simply take one sachet and wait a few hours.

Please note:

  • If you are being sick, then sip the Dioralyte drink slowly;
  • Do not eat in the early stages of diarrhoea;
  • If your diarrhoea lasts for longer than 24 to 48 hours, then contact your doctor as diarrhoea and dehydration can have serious consequences;
  • Dioralyte for babies under the age of 2 should only be given if advised by a doctor;
  • If you are bottle-feeding or giving other foods you should stop feeding your baby for the initial period of treatment;
  • If you are breastfeeding you don’t need to stop, but your baby might drink less than normal so you may find you need to express the excess milk;
  • The correct dose will be worked out by the doctor depending on how much your baby weighs. This normally works out at about one and a half times the amount of fluid your baby would normally consume in 24 hours;
  • If your baby is being sick, try giving them one to two teaspoons (5-10ml) of Dioralyte every 5 minutes and then increase the dose little by little until they are drinking normally again;
  • If you take more Dioralyte than you should it will not usually cause serious damage but if you have taken a large amount you should seek immediate medical assistance. This is particularly important if a baby or child or someone who has severe liver or kidney problems takes a large amount.

Does Dioralyte have any side effects?

As with all medication, Dioralyte comes with a warning of some side effects, although not everyone who takes Dioralyte will experience them. If you have any concerns about side effects, then contact your doctor.

Dioralyte can cause an allergic reaction. Signs of an allergic reaction are:

  • Swelling of the face;
  • Difficulty breathing;
  • Swelling around the lips, nose, throat and tongue;
  • Rashes on the skin;
  • Finding it hard to swallow.

If you think you are having an allergic reaction seek immediate medical assistance.

When should you not se Dioralyte?

Do not take Dioralyte if any of the following apply to you:

  • You are allergic to glucose, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, disodium hydrogen citrate or any other ingredient listed on the packet;
  • Your bowels are either fully or partially blocked (intestinal obstruction);
  • You should also take special care when taking Dioralyte if any of the following apply:
  • The treatment is for a child under 2 years old;
  • You have had diarrhoea for more than 24-48 hours; you may need an additional treatment;
  • You have diabetes;
  • You are following a low potassium diet;
  • You have liver or kidney disease;
  • You are following a low sodium diet;
  • You are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to get pregnant – you will need further advice before taking Dioralyte;
  • You have trouble taking or digesting sugars – Dioralyte contains glucose.

If you are unsure about any of these, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Does Dioralyte interact with other medications?

Before taking any medication, you should always check for interactions with other medicines as some can interfere with others which makes them less effective, or they can interact with one another and cause health problems. This includes herbal remedies, vitamins, supplements and any medicines you buy over the counter.

Your pharmacist will be able to advise you of these interactions and warnings so it is worth spending a few moments discussing this when buying over-the-counter medicines.

For prescription medicines, your doctor will check if you can take Diarolyte so make sure you tell them about anything you are taking.

Where can you buy Dioralyte?

Dioralyte is available from pharmacies nationwide, and you can order it online and have it delivered conveniently to your home (handy if you are the one suffering from vomiting or diarrhoea!) or you can pick it up at your local pharmacy or supermarket pharmacy.

You may want to buy it in advance and have it handy in case you need it, particularly if you are planning to travel abroad and there’s a risk of traveller’s tummy. If you do buy it in advance, make sure you check the expiry date and never use a sachet that’s out of date.

Can I get Dioralyte without a prescription?

Yes, you can buy Dioralyte without a prescription, it is classed as an over-the-counter medicine, so you won’t need a consultation with a doctor before taking it. If you are unsure about anything you can ask the pharmacist when you buy Dioralyte as they will be able to help. Always read the leaflet enclosed in the packet to make sure you are taking the medicine properly and are aware of any warning signs to look for with regards to side effects.

Sources

Cobb, C. (2017). Dehydration: Symptoms, causes, and treatments. [online] Medical News Today. Available at: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/153363.php [Accessed 17 Jan. 2020].

NHS UK (2018). Diarrhoea and vomiting. [online] nhs.uk. Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diarrhoea-and- vomiting/ [Accessed 17 Jan. 2020].

Sanofi (2019). About diarrhoea | Dioralyte. [online] Dioralyte.co.uk. Available at: https://www.dioralyte.co.uk/about-diarrhoea [Accessed 17 Jan. 2020].

Sanofi (2019). Dioralyte Family | Dioralyte. [online] Dioralyte.co.uk. Available at: https://www.dioralyte.co.uk/dioralyte-family [Accessed 17 Jan. 2020].

Sanofi (2019). [online] Medicines.org.uk. Available at: https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/files/pil.2770.pdf [Accessed 17 Jan. 2020].

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