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STD Home Test

STD Home Test

An STD (sexually transmitted disease) is transmitted through sexual activity, particularly when a couple has unprotected sex (sex without a condom). STDs are also known as STIs (sexually transmitted infections). More information

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Patient Leaflet(s)

STD Home Test

An STD (sexually transmitted disease) is transmitted through sexual activity, particularly when a couple has unprotected sex (sex without a condom). STDs are also known as STIs (sexually transmitted infections).

The symptoms of three of the most common STDs (chlamydia, gonorrhea or trichomoniasis) can go unnoticed, which is why it is important to take a test if you suspect you may have contracted one of these diseases.

You can order a discreet and reliable test for STDs online, with no need to go to the doctor or sexual health clinic. There’s no need to feel embarrassed or uncomfortable – you do the test privately in the comfort of your own home.

What is the STD Home Test?

An STD home test is a test you do yourself to see if you have contracted a sexually transmitted disease. This could have occurred as a result of having unprotected sex, especially if you know your sexual partner has had several partners. You often don´t have symptoms when you get an STD, so taking a test can alleviate any worries you may have.
STDs can be passed on to another person (men to women, men to men and women to women) through any sexual activity, including vaginal, anal and oral sex. STDs are common in sexually active people under the age of 25, but they can be transmitted to anyone.

This test is for chlamydia, gonorrhea or trichomoniasis, three of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It is suitable for both men and women. You order the test and when you receive it you do it yourself (a urine test for both men and women and a vaginal swab test for women). Then you send the sample(s) to the address given (free of charge) and await your result. After 7 days the results will be available online, where you can check them in private.

Note that it is very important to consider the incubation period of STDs because if you take the test too early the result may not be accurate. The incubation period is the time between becoming infected and the symptoms showing (if there are symptoms). For chlamydia the incubation period is 1-3 weeks, for gonorrhea the incubation period is between 2-12 days and for trichomoniasis the incubation period is between 1-4 weeks.

This test is manufactured by Microbiome and is extremely reliable. This brand is also used in hospitals to test for STDs and has been awarded the Amsterdam Inventor Award.

According to the World Health Organization, more than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired every day throughout the world. This statement is quoted from the World Health Organization fact sheet, http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/sexually-transmitted-infections-(stis)

It is important to take a test if you suspect you have an STD, even if you don´t have symptoms, as untreated, an STD can possibly lead to infertility or if you are pregnant you could transfer it to your baby. There is no reason to be embarrassed if you may think you have an STD. You can take a simple home test and within a few days you will know the result and can take the necessary action if relevant.  Usually STDs are treated with a simple course of antibiotics.

You should choose a reputable and approved company if ordering an online STD test to ensure you receive accurate results.

When is the STD Home Test used?

If you suspect you have one of the sexually transmitted diseases chlamydia, gonorrhea or trichomoniasis you can take this home test. The test is suitable for both men and women and is reliable and trustworthy.

This test is for anyone who suspects they may have a sexually transmitted disease.

You can contract a sexually transmitted disease if you have numerous sexual partners, from a new partner or if your current partner has had sex with someone else. To prevent the transmission of STDs it is important to discuss infections with new partners. While it may not seem appropriate to discuss this in a new relationship it is a responsible way to prevent the spreading of infection.

If you are pregnant or thinking of trying to get pregnant it is especially important to take a test if you suspect you may have a sexually transmitted disease. This is because STDs can cause complications for pregnant women and their baby, infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease. Some doctors may do STD tests at the beginning of a pregnancy and you should ask if this is the case at your first consultation.

You may have contracted an STD before getting pregnant so if you have any suspicions whatsoever you should take a test. An STD can be transmitted to your unborn child during pregnancy. Chlamydia can cause inflammation of the eyes and pneumonia for newborn babies.

If you have an STD during pregnancy it is important to talk to your doctor as they will prescribe the best course of medication for your individual circumstances. There are some antibiotics that are safe to take during pregnancy and some must be avoided.

Chlamydia – this is one of the most common STDs. If not treated it can cause infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ectopic pregnancy, premature birth and arthritis.
The symptoms of chlamydia often go unnoticed, but if you do experience symptoms they can include:

  • pain when urinating
  • itching or burning around the vagina or penis
  • vaginal, penis or rectal discharge
  • stomach pain, bleeding after sex or between periods (women)
  • pain or swelling in men’s testicles

Gonorrhea –  is another common STD that can have no symptoms. In the past it was referred to as ‘the clap’. Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that is passed on through unprotected sex (vaginal, anal or oral). It can cause a bacterial infection of the cervix (womb entrance) urethra (tube for the removal of urine from the body), the rectum (the connection from the colon to the anus) and can also cause infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

As with chlamydia, gonorrhea symptoms may not be noticed, but if they do appear they can be:

  • pain when urinating or the urge to urinate more often than usual
  • itching or burning around the vagina or penis
  • thick yellow or green vaginal or penis discharge
  • stomach pain, bleeding after sex or between periods (women)
  • anal pain or discomfort
  • pain or swelling in men’s testicles

Because of the urination symptoms gonorrhea is sometimes mistaken for a yeast infection in women, which is why it is important to take the test.

Trichomoniasis – this is another STD and is caused by a parasite known as trichomoniasis vaginalis. It is also known as ‘trich’. Just because of the name this doesn’t mean the disease is limited to women, men can catch it as well. It is not believed that oral or anal sex pass on trichomoniasis. It can occur, as with other STDs, when you have unprotected sex with a person who already has the disease.
The common results of contracting trichomoniasis in women are an infection of the vagina or urethra and in men an infection of the urethra or head of the penis or prostate gland.

The symptoms can be:

In women –

  • vaginal discharge that can be thick, thin or frothy, yellow-green in colour and have an unpleasant smell
  • vaginal soreness, inflammation (swelling) and itching
  • spotting or bleeding between periods
  • pain or discomfort when passing urine or during sex
  • pain when urinating or the urge to urinate more often than usual

In men –

  • pain during urination or after ejaculation
  • he urge to urinate more often than usual
  • thin white discharge from the penis
  • soreness, swelling and redness around the head of the penis or foreskin

STDs can be more complicated for women than men because of the layout of the vagina. It is easy for infections from the vagina to pass into the uterus, fallopian tubes and abdomen, which can have serious consequences for a woman’s fertility and her health.
Of course, if a man has an STD it is just as important to treat it as he could develop a more serious infection as well as pass the disease on.

If there is any suspicion at all that you may have an STD it is better to do the test and deal with the infection if you have one, rather than ignore the problem as it will not go away on its own. You are also in danger of harming others if you are sexually active.

A home STD test is a secure way to find out if you have an STD.

You take the test in the privacy of your own home and send it off to be analysed by a laboratory. The results will be available online so there is no need to visit a doctor or sexual health clinic. An STD is nothing to be embarrassed about, but some people prefer to do the test themselves. Once you have the results you can take the relevant action if you need treatment (which is usually antibiotics).

If your test is positive (you have a sexually transmitted disease) you should contact a doctor who can prescribe you the correct medication.

Reinfection can occur so it is important to wait for the infection to clear up before you are sexually active again (at least one week after completing the course of medication). The most reliable way of checking the infection has cleared is to take another test.

Although the STD home test and treatment is available to buy online it is better to prevent the problem in the first place. This involves practising safe sex and women having regular smear tests. Note that the contraceptive pill and other forms of contraception do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.

How do you use the STD Home Test?

Once you receive your STD home test you should check it is not damaged, is sealed and is within the expiry date. Follow the instructions on the enclosed leaflet.
Both men and women take a sample of early morning urine and women take a vaginal swab as well. Both tests are easy to perform and only take a few minutes. It is important to collect a sample of the first stream of urine. There are instructions in the test of how to do this and how to take the vaginal swab.

The test includes a pipette, urine collection tube, cotton swab and collection tube, code card with stickers, absorption material, plastic bag and a stamped return box. It is essential to affix the code stickers to the collection tubes as this identifies the samples. A log-in code is also supplied that you use to obtain your results on the internet.

Once you have completed the test you send it to the laboratory address supplied to you, free of charge. The results will be available online within 7 days.

It is important to remember the different incubation periods for these three STDs as doing the test outside of this time may not give reliable results. The incubation period is the time between the exposure to the disease and the appearance of the first symptoms. Remember that is it possible not to have symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases.

Incubation periods:

  • Chlamydia 1-3 weeks
  • Gonorrhea 2-12 days
  • Trichomoniasis 1-4 weeks

What Dosages are there?

The STD home test consists of one discreet test that can be used by both men and women. It contains a urine test and a vaginal swab test. Code cards with your unique identification code are also included and must be attached to the samples. You then return the sample(s) to the laboratory, whose details will be supplied in the pack. You send the sample(s) free of charge and within 7 days your results will be available online. You will be given a code to enter online when you receive your test.

What are the Side Effects of the STD Home Test?

There are no known side effects to this test.

Does the STD Home Test Interact with other Medication?

This test does not interact with other medication as it is a test.

Where can you buy the STD Home Test?

You can also buy this test online and over the counter in some pharmacies. We advise you to make sure you are buying from a reputable source to ensure your test results are reliable.

Can I get the STD Home Test without a Prescription?

Yes, you do not need a prescription for this product as it is a test.


SOURCES
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (2016, 3 August). Retrieved November 27, 2018, from https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/sexually-transmitted-infections-(stis)

Sexual health (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2018 from https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/sexual-health/

List of STDs and Symptoms (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2018 from https://www.zavamed.com/uk/list-of-stds.html

STD Testing: Who Should Be Tested and What’s Involved (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2018 from https://www.healthline.com/health/sexually-transmitted-diseases/getting-tested

Tests for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) (2017, 3 February). Retrieved November 2018, from https://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/tests-for-stds