Trichomoniasis – The Facts
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) which is prevalent throughout the Western world, primarily in the United States and Europe. It is a condition which can be treated by a number of drug therapies. The trichomoniasis drug market is led by the US where revenues are greatest. Although the condition is also found in Latin America, Africa and the Middle East, the next largest market for trichomoniasis medications is within Europe.
What is the condition, how is it diagnosed and want can be done to treat and to prevent it from spreading in the first place?
Trichomoniasis In Summary
Like other STDs, trichomoniasis is passed between individuals during intercourse, most commonly when a vagina and a penis come into contact with one another. As such, the condition can be passed just as easily from an infected male to an uninfected female as it can be from an infected female to an uninfected male. Unlike many other types of STD, however, trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite. In effect, the disease is caught by passing the tiny parasitic from one person to another. The parasite is known a Trichomonas vaginalis and medical professionals will often refer to it as TV.
The disease will normally develop a month after the parasite has been contracted. One of the problems with the condition is that around half of all individuals with the disease show no symptoms of it. This means that it can be easily passed on by a carrier who has no idea they are infected by the TV parasite at all.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Where symptoms present themselves, they tend to vary according to gender. Women will sometimes notice a yellow or greenish discharge from the vagina. Sometimes their discharge may be more pronounced or have a fishlike odour. Itchiness is another common symptom when it is felt around the vagina and this can sometimes lead to discomfort during intercourse or when passing urine.
Men also may suffer soreness during sex or when they urinate. Some men notice they need to go to the toilet more often than they used to. In some cases, soreness or a swelling of the end penis may be noticed. The parasite can also cause an unusual discharge from the penis although not all men with trichomoniasis get this symptom.
Seeking medical assistance is essential for a proper diagnosis of the condition because all of the symptoms may have other causes. A swab taken from the genitals is usually all that is needed to make a laboratory test which will give the cause of the problem. This is obviously necessary for carriers who have the parasite but show no symptoms at all. If you have had sex with someone who has the condition, it is certainly worth seeking out a test for trichomoniasis to put your mind at ease before having intercourse with someone else and potentially passing the complaint on.
Treatment and Prevention
As mentioned, drug therapies are available to help get rid of trichomoniasis. Most sufferers will be recommended a specific course of antibiotics to help the condition to clear and to do away with the unpleasant symptoms. A new test following a course of drugs is usual to ensure it has been dealt with fully.
Since trichomoniasis cannot be passed on from hugging, kissing or similar behaviour, refraining from contact between the genitals is the best way of ensuring you don’t contract the condition. Using a condom helps to prevent the spread of the STD, too, in common with other conditions like chlamydia.
If your partner is diagnosed with trichomoniasis, then get tested to ensure that you don’t have the condition, too, and potentially pass it back to him or her when they have been treated.