What is Xylometazoline?
Xylometazoline nasal drops (active substance: xylometazoline) ensure that the blood vessels in the nasal mucosa become narrower, which shrinks the nasal mucosa again.
What is Xylometazoline used for?
Xylometazoline nasal drops are used for symptoms caused by a head cold, sinus infection and/or ear infection. The symptoms of a head cold are a blocked nose and/or a runny nose. Xylometazoline makes the nasal mucosa thinner and alleviates the symptoms quickly. In sinus infections Xylometazoline ensures that mucus and pus can flow from the sinus to the nasal cavity more easily. Xylometazoline alleviates the symptoms of an ear infection: the active substance reaches the pharynx via the nose and opens the Eustachian tube so the pressure in the ear lowers.
How do I use Xylometazoline?
Blow your nose before using Xylometazoline. Tilt your head back and drop the fluid in the nostril with the dropper. Rinse the dropper clean with tepid water after use and close the bottle. Do not use Xylometazoline nose drops longer than 7 subsequent days to prevent damaging the nasal mucosa. Attention: Xylometazoline nasal drops are not suitable to alleviate the symptoms of an allergy. It is recommended to use another drug for that purpose. Xylometazoline nasal drops can be used 1 month after opening.
Xylometazoline nasal drops contain 1 mg active substance per ml. The general instructions for dosage are as follows:
- Adults and children of 6 years and over: one to four times a day (maximum three times daily for children) 2 to 3 drops in each nostril. Wait at least four hours (6 hours for children) before taking the next dose.
Xylometazoline nasal drops can cause side effects, including:
- nasal symptoms (irritation, sneezing) immediately after using the drops. Those symptoms are temporary and usually decrease quickly
- hypersensitivity to one of the ingredients.
Consult the patients' leaflet for a complete list of possible counter indications, warnings and other side effects.
You can safely use Xylometazoline nasal drops during your pregnancy (no longer than 7 days in a row). It is not known whether xylometazoline is excreted in the breast milk and there are few findings on the effect of this medication on infants. Therefore it is better not to use Xylometazoline nasal drops when you are breastfeeding. Discuss with your doctor whether you can temporarily switch to a safer drug.