Rosacea is a very common skin condition that is characterised by a red facial rash affecting the cheeks, forehead and nose. It is also common to have bumps, pustules or small widened blood vessels visible near the surface of the skin. In some cases, additional symptoms such as a burning or painful sensation in the skin may develop. In more than 50% of rosacea sufferers, the eyes are also affected: a condition known as blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids) or keratitis (inflammation of the cornea). In severe cases, especially in men, the nose may become enlarged and bulbous (cauliflower nose). Rosacea is not physically debilitating, but can be very unattractive and may make sufferers feel self-conscious and even depressed.
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What causes rosacea?
The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, but doctors believe the condition may be associated with environmental factors. Excessive sun exposure, sudden changes in temperature, alcohol, certain medicines and spicy food seem to make the symptoms worse. Stress, the use of cosmetics and hormonal fluctuations are also well-known rosacea triggers. Rosacea is usually seen in adults over thirty and occurs more frequently in women than men.
How to treat rosacea
There is currently no known cure for rosacea, but there are medical treatments available that can control or eliminate its symptoms. Mild rosacea is usually treated topically with an anti-inflammatory cream, gel or lotion. More severe forms may be treated with oral antibiotics which, in most cases, need to be used for an extensive period of time. In addition to medical treatments, it is also important to be aware of factors that can trigger rosacea. Avoid triggers that may worsen the condition, such as certain foods and skincare products, and use sunscreen to protect your skin from UV radiation.
Below is a list of medicines that are used to treat rosacea.