Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Symptoms of women going through menopause include hot flushes, night sweats, insomnia, and mood swings. Many women suffer from physical and psychological problems during or after menopause. These problems have to do with women’s ovaries. The ovaries gradually produce less and less oestrogen in the period up to menopause, and oestrogen blood levels decline as a result. The declining level of oestrogen is what causes these typical menopausal symptoms. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a treatment used to relieve the symptoms of menopause. It replaces female hormones that are at a lower level with synthetic hormones, allowing the body to function normally again. Hormone replacement therapy is also known as hormone replacement therapy (HRT).

Forms of HRT
There are different forms of HRT. Oral medication (pills) is the most common form of HRT. Skin patches and insert-able vaginal rings are another type of HRT.

HRT works by supplying oestrogen. This hormone relieves menopausal symptoms but also thickens the lining of the uterus. A progestogen is needed as part of HRT for women who have not had a hysterectomy. This is because in women with an intact womb, oestrogen stimulates the growth of the womb lining (endometrium), which can lead to endometrial cancer if the growth is unopposed. Many HRT preparations contain both an oestrogen and a progestogen hormone. The doctor may also prescribe treatment with oestrogen or progestogen alone.

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