Directly go to the content
Surgam

Surgam

Surgam is an anti-inflammatory pain killer that uses the active ingredient tiaprofenic acid to reduce inflammation and discomfort. Surgam can reduce pain caused by sprains and strains, as well as discomfort in the muscles, joints, and other parts of the body.   This medication works by blocking the effects of certain chemicals in the body known as cyclo-oxygenase enzymes. These substances cause other chemicals in the body to appear, which can cause inflammation at pain at the site of an injury. By reducing the effect of these natural enzymes in the human body, Surgam can keep pain and inflammation to a minimum.   

Surgam tablets are a type of medication containing the active ingredient tiaprofenic acid, which is a form of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. NSAIDs are typically prescribed as a solution for reducing inflammation and pain in various conditions.  

What is Surgam? 

Surgam is an anti-inflammatory pain killer that uses the active ingredient tiaprofenic acid to reduce inflammation and discomfort. Surgam can reduce pain caused by sprains and strains, as well as discomfort in the muscles, joints, and other parts of the body.  

This medication works by blocking the effects of certain chemicals in the body known as cyclo-oxygenase enzymes. These substances cause other chemicals in the body to appear, which can cause inflammation at pain at the site of an injury. By reducing the effect of these natural enzymes in the human body, Surgam can keep pain and inflammation to a minimum.   

When is Surgam used? 

Like many NSAIDS, Surgam tablets can be used for a wide range of reasons, all the way from pain caused by an injury to the muscle, to discomfort as a result of joint conditions like arthritis. Surgam tablets use the active ingredient tiaprofenic acid to reduce inflammation and discomfort throughout the body.  

Surgam and its generic form is prescribed for the relief of pain in a number of musculoskeletal conditions, including various forms of back pain, arthritis, sprains, dislocations and other soft-tissue injuries. Surgam can also keep pain to a minimum after a surgery.  

How do you use Surgam? 

Before you begin using Surgam, it’s important to read the information leaflet provided by the manufacturer inside of the packaging. This leaflet is there to help you understand how to use the medication properly without any extra guidance from a doctor or consultant. However, you can always ask a pharmacist about any questions that you might have.  

Medication leaflets also include information about the side effects that you might encounter when you’re using Surgam. Although not everyone will have side effects, it’s good to be prepared. If you have been given the normal tablet form of Surgam, then you will need to take it according to the instructions on the leaflet. Often, this means swallowing the full tablet whole, without crushing or breaking the tablet. It might help to swallow this medication with a glass of water.  

It’s useful to take Surgam before a meal or just after eating, as the food in your stomach will help to prevent against irritation and indigestion. If you have been prescribed Surgam for a joint or muscle injury, then you will probably have to continue taking it for up to two weeks. Longer courses of treatment with Surgam will be prescribed to people with long-term conditions, such as rheumatic arthritis.  

If you forget to take Surgam for any reason, do not take a double dose to make up for what you’ve missed. Take your dose as soon as you remember, unless it’s almost time to take your next dose. Leave the missed dose out of your routine if you are close to another dose, and do not take two tablets together.  

What dosages are there? 

Surgam is usually prescribed at the lowest possible dose to begin with, so you can monitor the way that you react to the medication and any side effects that you might have. If you need your dose to be increased, you will need to discuss this with a consultant. Surgam is usually taken in a dose of one tablet taken twice per day. The length or duration of your treatment will depend on the condition that you’re addressing with Surgam.  

What are the side effects of Surgam? 

Surgam, just like all medications, can sometimes cause side effects as well as the intended effects that it was purchased or given for. The most common side effects of Surgam will occur when you begin to take the medication for the first time, as your body will be getting used to a new blend of chemicals. These side effects might include feelings of nausea or being sick. If you feel sick, you can stick to simple meals to reduce your chances of vomiting. 

Other common side effects of Surgam include: 

  • Feeling sleepy or dizzy; 
  • Stomach pain, heartburn and indigestion; 
  • Feeling unwell or uncomfortable; 
  • Diarrhea or constipation; 
  • Headaches. 

In some cases, this medication may cause severe cystitis. Because of this, if you experience any symptoms like needing to go to the bathroom more often than usual, or an urgency to urinate and pain when passing urine, you should stop taking this substance and contact a doctor.  

In certain circumstances, NSAIDs like Surgam might cause severe side effects in the gut, such as bleeding or ulcers in the intestinal lining and stomach. This side effect is more common in elderly people and individuals who take particularly high doses of this medication. Surgam risks can be increased if you take other medications alongside your NSAIDS.  

Some studies indicate that taking Surgam and other similar medications might be associated with a slight increased risk of heart attack or stroke. This is particularly likely if you take these medications for long periods of time, or in high doses. If you have certain risk factors that make you more likely to have a stroke or heart disease, do not take Surgam.  

In very rare circumstances, Surgam can cause blistering and peeling of the skin in some people. Make sure that you stop taking this medication immediately if you have any severe skin rashes or sores inside of your mouth after taking this medication.  

It is rare to have a severe allergic reaction to Surgam however, you should get emergency help straight away if you notice any signs of an allergic reaction, including swelling of the throat and tongue, rashes, or dizziness.  

When shouldn't you use Surgam? 

Not everyone will be able to use Surgam safely without a risk of side effects. It’s important to discuss your medical history with your consultant and answer any questions that they may have before you begin using this medication. It is more likely for elderly people and those with a history of intestine and stomach disorders to suffer from problems when taking this medication. Surgam is not usually recommended for people who have decreased functioning in their kidneys, liver or heart, or any issues with inflammatory bowel diseases.  

Avoid using Surgam and other similar medications if you have ever had heart disease caused by a lack of proper blood flow to the heart, or a disease of your blood vessels. You should also consider your options carefully if you have poor circulations in the legs and feet, and diseases of the blood vessels around and in the brain. Surgam is not suitable for people with blood clotting disorders, or a history of high blood pressure, and it may not be recommended for people with: 

  • A history of allergies for certain medications; 
  • Diabetes; 
  • Raised levels of cholesterol; 
  • Smoking habits; 
  • A blood clotting disorder; 
  • Connective tissue disorders. 

If you have ever had heart failure, liver disease, or kidney disease, or you’re taking medications called diuretics, then you will need to have your kidney function assessed before using Surgam. It will also be important to have kidney function checked throughout the course of your medication. Any long-term treatment with Surgam will require close monitoring from a doctor, which may include routine blood tests to check that your kidneys are performing as they should be.  

Does Surgam interact with any other medications? 

It is important to tell your consultant about any medications that you are taking alongside Surgam. This includes any over the counter medications that you haven’t been prescribed by a doctor, or herbal supplements. Any medications can interact with another substance that you are using and cause a greater risk of side effects. It’s always important to ensure that the combinations you are using are as safe as possible.  

Surgam shouldn’t be taken with any other oral NSAID as this will increase your risk of dangerous side effects. An increased risk of internal bleeding and ulceration may occur if you take Surgam with SSRI antidepressants, anti-blood-clotting medicines, or medicines that reduce the risk of blood clots.  

Surgam can sometimes reduce the effect of anti-clotting and blood-thinning medications like warfarin. This can sometimes increase your risk of severe bleeding. Surgam can also reduce the removal of certain medications from the body, which increases the blood levels of things like lithium. You may also have a slightly higher risk of side effects that have an impact on the kidneys if taken with ciclosporin, diuretics, and other substances like ACE inhibitors.  

Surgam and similar medications can also reduce the effects of certain medications intended to lower your blood pressure. If you are taking pills to reduce high blood pressure, such as ace inhibitors, beta blockers, or diuretics, make sure that you tell your consultant exactly what you are using, so that you can avoid any dangerous side effects.  

This is not a complete list of possible medications that could interact with Surgam. If you are concerned that any medication that you are using might have negative effects on Surgam speak to your consultant before you use this substance.  

Where can you buy Surgam? 

Surgam is only available at a pharmacy. 

Can you get Surgam without a prescription?  

Unlike some other NSAIDs on the market today, Surgam is not available at this time without a prescription or medical consultation. It’s important to speak to a consultant to ensure that this substance is suitable for your condition.  

Sources 

Drugs.com, online, 2019, “Surgam tablets 300mg”, [Accessed 20th of November 2019] Available on: https://www.drugs.com/uk/surgam-tablets-300mg-leaflet.html  

Medicines.org, online, 2019, “Surgam 300mg tablets”  [Accessed 20th of November 2019] Available on: https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/2256/smpc 

Nice, online, 2019  “Triaprofenic acid” [Accessed 20th of November 2019] Available on: https://bnf.nice.org.uk/medicinal-forms/tiaprofenic-acid.html